A migraine is a disease. A headache is only recognized as a symptom. When we attain some stages of our lives i.e. age we begin to experience headache and severe pain in some part of our body that we really wish we never experience such. This pain can last for few minutes or could exist for hours if not looked into or taken care of, it could last for days. Headaches or severe pain in some part of the body are mostly caused by the stress we engage ourselves in at work daily. We might think it is a simple headache or body pain that pain relive can cure but trust me; pain relive is not a match for migraine headache or body pain. Another reason is migraine. Though there is presently no specific medical diagnosis to detect migraine. The diagnosis will depend on your doctor examining your medical history of headache and ruling out other causes for migraines.
Other symptoms that could cause migraines are also looked into by the doctor to be able to detect the migraine and the kind of migraine it might be. A migraine is sometimes misdiagnosed as a sinus headache or tension-type headaches and this drastically affects a whole lot of us.
Migraine headache and body part severe pain is mostly caused by expansion of the blood vessels i.e. the vasodilation of the cranial blood vessels. A normal headache is usually caused by vasoconstriction i.e. narrowing of the blood vessels. Headaches also seem to be caused by changes in the level of a body chemical called serotonin in some certain part of our body.
The disease characteristics can include: Pain typically on one side of the head with a pulsating or throbbing quality, Moderate to intense pain affecting daily activities.
People who suffer from this attack tend to lose their jobs, relationships and also experience social ostracism and prejudice at work. A migraine is also capable of causing serious physical issues like dental problem, stroke, permanent visual loss, stroke, comma or ultimately, even death.
When we experience a migraine headache, we should ensure we take pills to relieve the pain and other symptoms of the attack, pills to stop headache or and body pain and pills like Amitriptyline to prevent migraine when we begin to experience headache and other symptoms of the disease. Sometimes, it is best to take those pills with change in some part of our lifestyle like diets, exercise, sleep and relaxation therapy.
Below are some types of headaches and the pills used to cure the disease?
This type of headache is more common among men than women. It is a type of recurring migraine headaches. Cluster headache attacks suddenly and it affects on side of the head with severe pain. They are usually accompanied with watery eyes and nasal congestion which causes frequent sneezing. Sneezing sometimes causes a severe headache when it is frequent and hard. It makes us feel restless and uncomfortable.
Some of the pills that can be used to get rid of cluster headache include Verapamil, Lithium, Ergotamine, Ant seizure and so on.
Many people mistake sinus headache for migraine or tension headache. Sinus headache is caused by the congestion of the sinus passage behind your nose, eyes, check, and forehead. Sinus headache affects both sides of the head unlike some other types of headache. The pain of the sinus headache is felt in the head and also in all the sinus area. Sinus can be triggered by allergies and infections.
When we are suffering from sinus headache, we tend to feel an uncomfortable pressure on our forehead, pain getting worse when we lean forward, swelling of the cheeks nose or any other sinus area.
At times, sinus headache makes us discharge yellow nasal fluid and also makes us feel fatigue.
Some of the pills that can be used to get rid of sinus headache include
- Antihistamines which include loratadine are used to get rid of sinus headache related to allergies or excessive mucus in the sinus cavity.
- Pain reliever which includes Aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen
- Decongestant which works by reducing the swelling of the sinus cavity by decreasing blood flow. This should not be taken by patient with previous heart issues.
Tension headache is mostly called tension types headache. It is considered to be the most popular type of headache. It is mostly caused by muscle contraction in head and neck region. It is a mode rate pain in your head that can radiate from the lower back of the neck, eyes and other muscles in the body causing it to affect both sides of the head.
When this type of headache is attacking, we tend to experience dull head pain, tenderness on scalp, neck and shoulder muscle.
Some of the pills to get rid of tension headache include
- Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline.
- Aspirin such as Bayer.
- Ibuprofen such as Advil.
- Naproxen such as Aleve.
- Antianxiety such as buspirone
Rebound is caused by the overuse or misuse of headache medication. Rebound headache is triggered by drugs that contain caffeine. Caffeine is one of the ingredients that are included in many pain relievers. Rebound headache stops when you stop misusing the pain-relieving medicine.
MIGRAINE WITHOUT HEADACHE
There are migraines without headache otherwise known as silent migraines. It is mostly triggered by lack of enough sleep, alcohol and so on. As people age, the migraine attack tends to change its characteristics. The older people get the more the head ache characteristics gets weaker. After some time the headache stops completely leaving behind other symptoms of migraine. That is why migraine without headache is considered to occur mostly among the old. Older men are prone to experience this more than older women.
Some types of migraine without headache are included below:
This is otherwise known as an eye migraine. Visual migraine is one that affects your vision but it is not accompanied by headache. Visual migraine is caused by the sudden constriction of the blood vessel to the eyes, reducing the flow of blood to the eyes. People suffering from this kind of migraine usually do not see clearly. They see zigzag and fuzzy lines pattern in their vision, they also experience light sensation, blurry views and so on. This eyes defect might be permanent or interfere in their views sometimes. This type of migraine affects only one of the two eyes of the victims if both eyes are affected; it is an entirely different problem. It is generally caused by some other serious conditions like stress, high blood pressure, smoking dehydration and so on.
Some pills that are capable of getting rid of visual migraine include
Aspirin to reduce pain and inflammation, Calcium channel blocker to prevent blood vessel constriction, Beta blocker which enable blood vessel to relax, Anti-epileptics and Anti-depressant which helps to prevent migraine.
If you experience an unusual vision condition, make sure you see a doctor for proper treatment.
The migraine that is usually accompanied by headache are included below:
Like it was stated earlier, before every woman’s menstrual period, her estrogen and progesterone levels drop. The drop in these two hormones is capable of causing the menstrual migraine and sometimes headache. The frequent use of birth control pills can also trigger this attack. This type of migraine is usually accompanied by stomach pain, vomiting nausea. Migraine during menses tends to be a more severe, harder to treat and often reoccur even despite medications.
- A no steroidal anti-inflammatory drug like naproxen is a very effective drug that is capable of getting rid of menstrual migraine. Some other pills capable of treating menstrual migraine are Triptans like Naratriptan, frovatriptains, and Zolmitriptan
- Leuprolide which drops estrogen level in the body.
- Hormonal replacement would also have a positive effect concerning menstrual migraine.
This kind of migraine is developed when you overextend yourself while you are exercising. Dehydration is developed at the same time.
Some pills that are capable of getting rid of Exertion migraine include
Indomethacin which prevents inflammatory
Propranolol which prevents exercise headache.
Phenelzine which is used to prevent exertion migraine.
Basilar artery migraine:
This is a type of migraine that is common in young women. It is caused as a result of blood artery that becomes tightened. It is accompanied by headache and it is usually accompanied with vomiting, dizziness and slurred speech.
Some pills that are capable of getting rid of basilar artery migraine include
Ibuprofen which is used for relieving head ache pain.
Metoclopramide which prevents a basilar migraine.